Ancient Egypt - Queen Hatshepsut

Updated: Nov 5, 2020

This biography highlights Queen Hatshepsut who was one of Egypt's greatest and least known rulers. She was more powerful than Cleopatra and created one of the most unique temples in Egyptian History.

Queen Hatshepsut's Mortuary Temple

Constructed under the supervision of her steward, Senenmut, Hatshepsut's temple took its basic inspiration from the 12th Dynasty temple of Mentuhotep II, adjacent to the site on the south. When completed, it was unique to Egyptian architecture. As described by Peter Clayton:

“The Temple was built largely of limestone, it rose in three broad,

colonnade-fronted terraces to a central rock-cut sanctuary on the

upper terrace. The primary dedication was to Amun, but there were

also smaller shrines to Hathor and Anubis, respectively located on the

south and north sides of the second terrace.”

A feature of the Temple was its alignment to the east directly with the Great Temple of Amun across the Nile at Karnak. The site of her Temple had originally been a small cave shrine to the goddess Hathor.

Expedition to Punt