Ancient Egypt - Pharaoh Tutankhamun

Updated: Feb 10

Originally known as Tutankhaten, he was nine years old when he became Pharaoh, and would rule for about 10 years. Since he comes to power at such an early age, most of the decisions were handled by his vizier and eventual successor, Kheperkheperure Ay. King Tutankhaten married his half-sister, Ankhesenpaaten, who would later change her name to Ankhesenamun. She was evidently older than he since she had a daughter by the time she married Tutankhaten. The father of the first child is unknown and open for debate.

The Restoration of Amun

In Year 3 of his reign, under the influence of his advisers, Tutankhaten reversed several changes made by his father's reign. He ended the worship of the god Aten and restored the god Amun to supremacy. The ban on the cult of Amun was lifted and the traditional priesthood was restored. The capital was moved back to Thebes and the city of Akhetaten was abandoned. Tutankhaten also changed his name to Tutankhamun, meaning the 'Living Image of Amun'.

This country was economically weak and in turmoil following the reign of Akhenaten. Diplomatic relations with other kingdoms had been neglected and Tutankhamun attempted to restore them. Despite his efforts for improved relations, battles with Nubians and Asiatics were recorded in his mortuary temple in Thebes. Given his youth and poor health, he most likely did not participate in these battles.

The Mummy of King Tut

Between 2007 and 2009, various mummies were subjected to detailed anthropological, radiological, and genetic studies as part of the King Tutankhamun Family Project. The research revealed that all seven vertebrae in his neck may have been completely fused. Examinations also revealed deformations to his left foot, caused by a necrosis of bone tissue. This affliction may have caused Tutankhamun to

walk with a cane, many of which were found in his tomb. The DNA tests of his mummy also revealed DNA from mosquito-borne parasites that cause malaria. This is currently the oldest known genetic proof of the disease. More than one strain of the malaria parasite was found, indicating that he contracted multiple malarial infections. According to National Geographic: