The Ancient Egyptians are one of the most mysterious civilizations in history. They were also one of the most advanced. Many historical 'firsts' began in Egypt. For example, Religion: Most people are shocked to learn that monotheism – the belief in one god – began in Egypt after it was first presented by an Egyptian Pharaoh.
The Ancient Greeks, themselves, revered the Ancient Egyptians. If you read Greek historians, they all say the same thing, “We got our civilization from Egypt.” The Greeks were new on the scene in comparison. The Iliad and Odyssey were composed around 800-900 B.C. The Pyramids were build a couple thousand years earlier. If you asked the Ancient Greeks where they learned to build their temples, they all said the same thing: “We learned to build in stone from the Egyptians.” An example of this is revealed in Djoser's Step Pyramid at Saqqara. His fluted columns resemble, remarkably, the Greek Doric Column, and his complex was constructed an amazing 2000 years before its use by the Greeks. Let that length set in... 2000 years... that is incredible – one of the many reasons why we study the Ancient Egyptians.
Another reason was for its art. Egyptian Art is among the most beautiful of all time. The statues of Khafre, Nefertiti, and Queen Tiye are examples of the best; beautiful works of art created thousands of years before the famous Greek sculptures. The incredible works discovered in Tutankhamun's tomb are also worth mentioning. His burial items long outmatch anything being produced by Mesopotamia at the time. Learning about Ancient Egyptian civilization brings us to our most distant past in the historical record and reveal that these people were not so different than who we are today.
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