Ancient Egypt - The Third Intermediate Period

Updated: Feb 10

The steadily increasing power of the priesthood of Amun at Thebes had come to a head under Ramesses XI. Homer spoke of the wealth of Thebes in the Iliad, Book 9:

“In Egyptian Thebes the heaps of precious ingots gleam, the hundred-gated Thebes!'

The Amun priesthood owned two-thirds of all temple land in Egypt, 90% of all ships, and 80% of all factories. Their grip on the state's economy was paramount. It was therefore merely a short step for Herihor, the High Priest of Thebes, to enforce his supremacy over the last of the Ramessides and create a ruling class, taking power from the pharaohs.

High Priest of Amun - Herihor