Ancient Egypt - The Great Pyramid of Giza

Updated: Nov 10, 2020

The Great Pyramid is 480 feet high with a ground surface of 13 acres. It would remain the tallest building in the world for four-and-a-half thousand years until the construction of the Eiffel Tower in 1889. A proud achievement for any architect.

The Chief of Works for this project was Khufu's cousin, Hemiunu. He was buried in a mastaba close by the Great Pyramid. Exactly how he built this masterpiece remains a debated subject. Also unknown is why Khufu would turn away from his father's site at Dahshur and choose a location on the Giza plateau, just south-west of Cairo. His work appears to have been the first on the site and it is curious why he did not build on the highest point of the plateau. This area would be taken by his son, Khafre,

and would produce the optical illusion that his pyramid was taller, which it is not.