Pharaohs from the First and Second Dynasty chose Abydos as the location for their tombs and built them each in a unique way.
Why a burial at the southern city of Abydos? In the myth of Osiris, this was the sacred city where Osiris was buried.
Burials for kings were also created north at Saqqara, a location named for Sokar, the god of the dead.
Why two burials? One burial site was a false one, or cenotaph. Thus, the two represented a symbolic way of denoting power over the north and south, Upper and Lower Egypt. We're not sure, for certain pharaohs, which burial was the real one.
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